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Causes of Brain Injury

On Behalf of | Nov 3, 2014 | Personal Injury

Brain injuries can be scary, particularly if the injury doesn’t exhibit symptoms until days or weeks following the trauma. Protected though it is inside the bony sanctuary of the cranium, the brain can be extremely vulnerable to injury. Possible brain injury needs to be taken seriously and assessed by a medical expert in order to begin treatment or prevent further damage.

Types of Brain Injury

Brain injury can occur when someone receives a severe blow to the head or experiences some other form of impact to the head. The source of trauma and force of the impact will influence the seriousness of the injury. A diagnosis of brain injury could include:

  • Damage to the brain at the injury site
  • Multiple brain injuries due to the brain impact against the inner skull
  • Damaged structures
  • Damage to protective tissues and blood vessels
  • Internal bleeding in the brain
  • Blood clots

Causes of Brain Injury

Accidental falls cause a large portion of brain injuries, particularly with the very young and very old. Falls down stairs and off ladders, for example, often result in mild to moderate head trauma requiring a visit to the emergency room. Car accidents or a traumatic penetration of the brain with a foreign object can cause serious life-threatening damage. About 20% of brain injuries result from violent interactions, such as child abuse, domestic violence and gang-related injuries. The younger population that participates in extreme or high-impact sports are at risk of sustaining a brain injury during sports activities. Symptoms of a mild injury may involve:

  • Blurred vision, ringing in the ears or other sensory issues
  • Sensitivity to light and sound
  • Loss of balance
  • Confusion or temporary loss of consciousness
  • Nausea or vomiting

More severe trauma can be life-threatening and should receive immediate medical attention. Signs of severe brain injury include:

  • Convulsions
  • Seizures
  • Dilated pupils
  • Drainage from the nose and ears
  • Loss of consciousness that lasts for hours
  • Slurred speech
  • Uncharacteristic behavior in infants and small children

When Is Legal Action Warranted?

According to the Brain Injury Association of America, 2.6 million people experience some form of brain injury each year. Some are the result of a medical condition; others are caused by head trauma. A personal injury attorney experienced in trauma injuries can help assess the legal actions warranted in the event of brain injury. Some brain injuries will have temporary symptoms while others can have catastrophic and disabling results.

Contact Us

When these injuries are sustained because of the negligence and malicious intent of someone else, the personal injury lawyers with Jacobs Law LLC can explain the legal process and what type of compensation to seek for physical damages. Jacobs Law LLC attorneys possess extensive legal experience in the Indianapolis area and they are proficient in personal injury law. Their attorneys recognize that each case is individual and they practice law with that in mind. If a brain injury deserves the attention of Jacobs Law LLC, call the office today to schedule a consultation or fill out our contact form and we will get back with you to address your needs and concerns.


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